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KWL Chart Guide: What Is It and How to Use It

Learn what KWL chart is and how to use KWL charts to activate prior knowledge, set learning goals, and promote thinking with free KWL chart templates.

Learning is a continuous process, and it's essential to understand what we know clearly and want to know and how we can achieve that knowledge. However, organizing our thoughts and planning our learning can be a daunting task. This is where powerful tools such as KWL charts can be useful. 

A KWL chart is a graphical organizer that helps us to clarify our thoughts, focus on our learning objectives, and track our progress. In this article, we'll explore how the KWL chart can enhance your learning experience and provide practical tips and strategies to make the most of this helpful tool. But before we start, let’s understand what a KWL chart in detail. 

All About Kwl Chart

Table of Contents
What Is a KWL Chart?
Benefits of Using Kwl Charts
Free KWL Chart Tools Online
How to Create KWL Charts with MioCreate?

What Is a KWL Chart?

A KWL chart is a graphical organizer that helps individuals or groups organize their thoughts and identify what they know, want to know, and have learned about a particular topic or subject. It is often used in educational settings to facilitate learning and improve comprehension.

The KWL chart is divided into three main sections:

1. K (What I Know)

In this section, individuals write down everything they already know about the topic or subject. This includes any prior knowledge or experience they may have, as well as any assumptions or preconceptions they might have about the topic.

2. W (What I Want to Know)

W discusses any questions or areas of the topic individuals want to learn more about. This can include specific questions or general areas of interest.

3. L (What I Learned)

In this section, individuals write down what they have learned about the topic or subject after conducting research or exploring it in more depth. This includes new information or insights they have gained and any changes to their prior knowledge or assumptions.

Using a KWL chart, individuals or groups can quickly identify gaps in their knowledge and develop a plan for further exploration or research. Additionally, the chart can be used as a tool for reflection and assessment, as individuals can compare their prior knowledge and assumptions to what they have learned throughout the learning process. Now that you understand the KWL Chart let’s take a detailed look at a KWL chart example. 

KWL Chart Example 

An example of a KWL chart is for the topic "The Solar System." The chart is created to organize the thoughts and learnings on the topic. The K section lists what the individual already knows about the solar system. The W section lists what the individual wants to know, and the L section highlights the individual's learning. 

K (What I Know)

W (What I Want to Know)

L (What I Learned)

There are eight planets in the solar system.

What are the names of all the moons in the solar system?

The solar system comprises eight planets, five dwarf planets, and many moons.

The sun is the center of the solar system.

What is the largest planet in the solar system?

Jupiter is the largest planet in the solar system, with 79 known moons.

The four inner planets are rocky, and the four outer planets are gas giants.

How do comets and asteroids fit into the solar system?

Comets and asteroids are small, rocky bodies that orbit the sun, and they can sometimes enter the inner solar system and collide with planets.

Mercury is the closest planet to the sun.

Is there any evidence of life beyond Earth in the solar system?

So far, there is no definitive evidence of life beyond Earth in the solar system. However, some moons may have conditions that could potentially support life.


What is the origin of the solar system?

The solar system formed about 4.6 billion years ago from a giant cloud of gas and dust, which eventually collapsed to form the sun and planets.

The individual has identified what they already know about the solar system, what they want to learn, and what they have learned so far. As they continue researching the topic, they can add to the "What I Learned" section and adjust their "What I Want to Know" section accordingly.

Now that you know how to use KWL charts, let’s take a look at the benefits of using KWL charts. 

Benefits of Using Kwl Charts

Why Use A Kwl Chart

There are several benefits to using KWL charts in various learning contexts, including:

1. Set Learning Goals and Generate Students’ Curiosity

KWL charts can help learners set goals and generate their curiosity about a topic by encouraging them to think about what they want to know. This can motivate learners to engage with the material and actively participate in their learning.

2. Monitor Learning Progress

KWL charts can help learners and educators monitor learning progress over time by visually representing what learners already know and what they have learned. This can help learners identify gaps in their knowledge, and educators adjust instruction to meet learners' needs better.

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3. Enhance Collaborative Learning and Discussion

KWL charts can be used in collaborative learning environments to promote discussion and exchange of ideas. Learners can share their knowledge, ask questions, and work together to find answers. This can help learners develop communication and collaboration skills while deepening their understanding of the topic.

4. Encouraging Engagement and Participation

KWL charts encourage learners to actively engage with the learning material by reflecting on their prior knowledge, asking questions, and seeking answers.

5. Fostering Critical Thinking

Learners are encouraged to think critically about the topic, evaluate information, and draw conclusions by identifying what they want to know and reflecting on what they have learned.

6. Enhancing Comprehension and Retention

Filling out a KWL chart can help learners organize information, make connections, and remember key concepts and ideas.

KWL charts are a flexible and versatile tool supporting various learning styles and contexts, from classrooms to self-directed learning.

Free KWL Chart Tools Online

Several free KWL chart tools are available online for educators and learners to create digital KWL charts. Some popular tools include:

1. Canva

Canva is a graphic design platform that offers a variety of customizable templates. Users can add text, images, and colors to create personalized KWL charts. Canva also offers a range of other graphic design tools that educators and learners may find helpful.

2. MioCreate

MioCreate is a free KWL chart tool that allows users to create a variety of visual aids, including KWL charts, mind maps, timelines, and flowcharts. It is a user-friendly tool that requires no software installation, and it offers a wide range of customization options.


3. Lucidchart

Lucidchart is a diagramming and visual communication tool with a KWL chart template. Users can add text and images, customize the colors and fonts, and collaborate with others in real time.

4. Padlet

Padlet is a collaborative platform that allows users to create and share digital bulletin boards, including KWL charts. Users can add text, images, and links to their KWL chart and collaborate with others in real time.

5. Google Docs

Google Docs is a cloud-based word processing tool that includes a variety of templates, including a KWL chart. Users can add their text and images, collaborate with others in real time, and share their KWL chart with others.

How to Create KWL Charts with MioCreate?

MioCreate is a user-friendly tool allowing users to create and customize KWL charts easily. With its various design options and ability to add images and other visual elements, it can be a helpful tool for organizing thoughts and tracking learning progress.

Here are the steps to create a KWL chart using MioCreate:

Step 1. Go to the MioCreate tool, and create an account.

Step 2. Select "KWL Chart" to use a template or start creating from scratch.

Step 3. Fill in the K, W, and L sections. You can add text, images, and other visual elements to help organize your thoughts. You can share your KWL chart to anyone at any time. You can also invite others to comment if you want some suggestions.


The KWL chart is an effective tool for organizing and enhancing learning. It provides a clear structure for students to think about what they know, what they want to know, and what they have learned. Using a KWL chart, students can set learning goals, make connections, and develop critical thinking skills. Moreover, it is a versatile tool that can be adapted to different learning contexts and subjects.

If you want a user-friendly and customizable tool to create KWL charts, we recommend trying Miocreate. This online platform offers a range of templates, designs, and features that make it easy to create visually appealing and interactive KWL charts. With Miocreate, you can collaborate with your peers, share your KWL charts, and access a library of resources to enhance your learning experience. Try it and see how it can help you organize and optimize your learning!

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